Ghazzi’s Sharh Matn Abi Shuja: On Worship – Deeper Understanding of Legal Rulings

Introduction

This is the first of an eight-part traditional word-by-word explanation of a sharh (interlineal commentary) on the post popular primer in Shafi‘i law, Matn Abi Shuja‘. Hamza Karamali carefully works through the chapter of purification,
the prayer, Rules of Zakat, Fasting and Hajj. relating the rulings to contemporary situations and explaining the hadith evidence and wisdom behind them. This is a course for experienced students of knowledge who have studied the Islamic sciences for many years

Curricular Context

  • This is a level three course
  • Complete all four parts of Introduction to Sacred Law (Shafi‘i) before taking this course
  • Reading fluency in Arabic is a prerequisite for taking this course

Course Outline

SESSION 1 Introduction

Ibn Qasim al-Ghazzi’s Introduction

Commentary on the Basmala and Hamdala

Commentary on Abu Shuja’s Introduction

SESSION 2 Purification and Water

The Meanings of “Kitab” and “Tahara”

Purifying Water

Pure and Impure Water

SESSION 3 Animal Hides, Gold and Silver Containers, and the Toothstick

Tanning Animal Hides

Permissible and Impermissible Containers

Using the Toothstick

SESSION 4  Integrals of Wudu

Integrals of Wudu: Intention and Washing the Face

Integrals of Wudu: Remaining Integrals Using the Toothstick 

SESSION 5 Sunnas of Wudu

Sunnas of Wudu Part 1

Sunnas of Wudu Part 2

SESSION 6 Cleaning Oneself After Using the Bathroom

Cleaning Oneself After Using the Bathroom (istinja)

Adab of Using the Bathroom

SESSION 7 Invalidators of Wudu and Ghusl

Invalidators of Wudu

Invalidators of Ghusl

SESSION 8 Ghusl and Wiping Over Khuffs

Integrals of Ghusl

Sunnas of Ghusl

Sunna Ghusls

Wiping Over Khuffs: Ruling  and Conditions

SESSION 9 Wiping over Khuffs and Tayammum

Wiping Over Khuffs: Period of Wiping

Wiping Over Khuffs: How to Wipe and Invalidators of Wiping

Wiping Over Khuffs: How to

Wipe and Invalidators of Wiping

SESSION 10 Tayammum and Najasa

Integrals and Sunnas of Tayammum

Invalidators of Tayammum

Casts and Bandages

Definition of Najasa

SESSION10.4 Resource:
Shaykh Nuh Ali Salman’s Fatwa on Narcotics:
 https://www.aliftaa.jo/Article.aspx?ArticleId=161#.W3RtM-gzbIV

SESSION 11 Najasa

Kinds of Najasa: Digested Material

Najasa `Ayniyya and Najasa Hukmiyya

Minor, Regular, and Major Najasa

Najasa that is Excused

Overview of Kinds of Najasa

Water that Runs Off While Washing Najasa (ghusala)

Wine Turning Into Vinegar

SESSION 12 Menstruation

Menstruation

Things Unlawful in Ritual Impurity

SESSION 13 Prayer Times
SESSION 14 Conditions for the Obligation of Prayer

Sunna Prayers

SESSION 15 Conditions for the Validity of Prayer
SESSION 16 Integrals — Intention, Standing, Takbir

Integrals — Fatiha

Integrals — Ruku and Sujud

Integrals — Sitting, Salam, Order

SESSION 17 Major Sunnas Before and During the Prayer

Regular Sunnas

Difference Between Men’s and Women’s Prayer

SESSION 18 Invalidators of the Prayer

Number of Rak‘as, Integrals, and Sunnas in the Obligatory Prayers

Prostration of Forgetfulness

SESSION 19 Forbidden Times to Pray

Congregational Prayer

SESSION 20 Joining and Shortening Prayers
SESSION 21 Friday Prayer
SESSION 22 Eclipse Prayer

Drought Prayer

SESSION 23 Prayer of Peril

Dress

SESSION 24 Washing and Shrouding the Deceased

Funeral Prayer 

Burial and Condolences

SESSION 25 Kinds of Zakatable Wealth

Conditions of Zakat On Livestock

SESSION 26 Conditions of Other Kinds of Zakat

Camels

Cattle and Sheep

SESSION 27 Paying Zakat Jointly

Zakat on Money

Zakat on Crops

SESSION 28 Zakat on Trade Goods, Mines, and Treasure

Zakat al-Fitr

SESSION 29 Zakat Recipients
SESSION 30 Integrals of Fasting

Matters That Invalidate the Fast

Sunna Matters While Fasting

SESSION 31 Unlawful Days to Fast

Major Expiation

Fidya

SESSION 32 Itikaf 
SESSION 33 Conditions For Obligation of Hajj

Integrals of Hajj and Umra

SESSION 34 Wajibat of Hajj and Umra

Sunnas of Hajj and Umra

SESSION 35 Matters Unlawful in Pilgrim Sanctity
SESSION 36 Kinds of Hajj Expiations

 

What You Will Learn

  • Develop the skill of reading the mutunshuruh, and hawashi of the Muslim scholarly tradition
  • Deepen your understanding of traditional sacred law according to the Shafi‘i school
  • Learn the detailed rulings of water, tanning, containers, wudu, using the bathroom, ghusl, wiping over khuffs, tayammum, wudu with bandages and casts, najasa, and menstruation
  • The rules, conditions, integrals, invalidators of the prayer, along with many other types of prayer
  • The rules, conditions, integrals, invalidators of the zakat, fasting and Hajj.
  • Learn how to apply traditional sacred law to modern situations

About the Course Text

Matn Abi Shuja‘ is the most popular primer for students of the Shafi‘i school. Its importance can be measured by the dozens of commentaries and glosses that have been written on it over the centuries since it was written. This course is a contemporary explanation of its most commonly-studied commentary, Fath al-Qarib al-Mujib by Shaykh Muhammad b. Qasim al-Ghazzi (d. 918 AH / 1512 CE). Shaykh Muhammad b. Qasim al-Ghazzi was a late scholar of the Shafi‘i school who lived and taught in Egypt. His teachers included the great Shaykh al-Islam Zakariyya al-Ansari, who was the teacher the major authorities of the Shafi‘i school. Fath al-Qarib (or Sharh Ibn Qasim, as it is popularly known) is an integral part of Shafi‘i curricula worldwide. It is particularly important because it was the subject of a hashiya (gloss) by the rector of al-Azhar in his time, Shaykh Ibrahim al-Bajuri (1276 AH / 1860 CE), may Allah Most High have mercy on him, which is one of the most important books in the Shafi‘i school.

 

Ghazali’s Minhaj al-Abidin – Understanding the Hurdles on the Path to Allah and How to Overcome Them

Introduction

Widely considered to be Imam al-Ghazali’s last book, Minhaj al-Abidin summarizes his teachings in an accessible manner, charting the pitfalls and obstacles to be overcome in order to draw closer to Allah Most High.

Course Outline

  • LESSON 1: Introduction to the Course (pp. 5-9)
  • LESSON 2: Continuation on the Author’s Introduction (pp. 9-17)
  • LESSON 3: The First Hurdle: The Hurdle of Knowledge (pp. 18-26)
  • LESSON 4: The First Hurdle: The Hurdle of Knowledge (pp. 26-32)
  • LESSON 5: The Second Hurdle: The Hurdle of Repentance (pp. 32-38)
  • LESSON 6: The Second Hurdle: The Hurdle of Repentance (pp. 38-43)
  • LESSON 7: The Third Hurdle: The Hurdle of the Impediments (pp. 44-51)
    • A) This World and all that it Contains
  • LESSON 8: The Third Hurdle: The Hurdle of the Impediments (pp. 51-59)
    • B) Your Fellow Creatures (khalq)
  • LESSON 9: The Third Hurdle: The Hurdle of the Impediments (pp. 59-68)
    • B) Your Fellow Creatures (khalq) Continued
  • LESSON 10: The Third Hurdle: The Hurdle of the Impediments (pp.68-79)
    • C) The Devil Shaytan
  • LESSON 11: The Third Hurdle: The Hurdle of the Impediments (pp.79-88)
    • D) The Lower Self (Nafs)
  • LESSON 12: The Third Hurdle: The Hurdle of the Impediments (pp.89-94)
    • D) The Lower Self (Nafs) Continued

Course Requirements: Students should take Beginning of Guidance (ISBGG10A/B) and Book of Assistance (ISKMG15A/B/C) before taking this course.

Course Format: 12 prerecorded lessons and a monthly live session.

About the Course Text

Widely considered to be Imam al-Ghazali’s last book, Minhaj al-Abidin summarizes his teachings in an accessible manner, charting the pitfalls and obstacles to be overcome in order to draw closer to Allah Most High. He dictated these words to a group of elect students and carefully advised them to resist hindrances such as fear and impairments such as conceit, in order to find salvation by sincerely turning to Allah Most High. This book is one of the important works that help the spiritual development of the believer.

 

Beliefs: Bajuri’s Commentary on the Sanusiyya Explained – Deeper Understanding of the Proofs and Key Issues of Theology

Introduction

This is a traditional word-by-word explanation of a hashiya (gloss) on Shaykh al-Sanusi’s popular matn in Islamic theology, Umm al-Barahin. Hamza Karamali carefully works through the first
half of the Hashiya in 68 recorded lessons, unpacking its meanings, and relating them to contemporary theological problems related to modern science, Western philosophy, and Wahhabi theology. These include the distinction between tawhid al-rububiyya and tawhid al-uluhiyya;
the nature of causation in the universe; propositional modalities; modal metaphysics; the nature of moral responsibility; the relationship between morality and God; the relationship between the mind and reality; the nature of the physical universe; and
the relationship between divine foreknowledge and human freewill. This is a course for experienced students of knowledge who have studied the Islamic sciences for many years.

Curricular Context

  • Fluency in Arabic reading is a prerequisite for taking this course
  • Prior knowledge of the foundational Islamic sciences
  • Proficiency in traditional Arabic grammar is a prerequisite for taking this course
  • Previous experience reading traditional mutun is a prerequisite for taking this course
  • Beliefs: Sanusi’s Umm al-Barahin – Foundational Proofs for Why Islam is True is a prerequisite for taking this course

Course Outline

SESSION 1 Author’s Introduction and
the Basmala (6 lessons)
SESSION 2 The Hamdala (3 lessons)
SESSION 3 The Blessings on the
Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) (6 lessons)
SESSION 4 An Introduction to the Science of Tawhid (3 lessons)
SESSION 5 The Three Kinds of Hukm (6
lessons)
SESSION 6 The Hukm ‘Aqli (9 lessons)
SESSION 7 The First Obligation of
Morally Responsible Agents (6 lessons)
SESSION 8 Divine Existence, Divine Beginninglessness, Divine Endlessness, and Divine Dissimilarity to Created Things (6 lessons)
SESSION 9 Divine Independence, Divine Oneness, Entity-Attributes, and Privative Attributes (8 lessons)
SESSION 10 Existent Attributes, Divine Power, and Divine Will (8 lessons)
SESSION 11 Divine Knowledge, Divine Life, Divine Hearing, and Divine Sight (5 lessons)
SESSION 12 Divine Speech and Implied Attributes (3 lessons)
SESSION 13 Matters that are Impossible for Allah Most High (1) – Nonexistence, Beginning to Exist, Ceasing to Exist, and Resembling Created Things (8 lessons)
SESSION 14 Matters that are Impossible for Allah Most High (2) – Neediness, Not Being One, and Not Being Powerful (7 lessons)
SESSION 15  Matters that are Impossible for Allah Most High (3) – Not Having Will, Ignorance, Death, Deafness, Blindness, and Muteness (7 lessons)
SESSION 16  Matters that are Possible for Allah Most High and the Proof of Allah Most High’s Existence (9 lessons)
SESSION 17 The Proof of Allah Most High’s Existence (5 lessons)
SESSION 18 The Proofs of Allah Most High’s Beginninglessness, Endlessness, Transcendence, Independence, and Oneness (5 lessons)
SESSION 19 Proofs of Allah Most High’s Agency, Hearing, Sight, and Speech + Matters that are Necessary, Impossible, and Possible for His Messengers (7 lessons)
SESSION 20 Proofs of Messengers’ Attributes (6 lessons)
SESSION 21 The Meaning of La Ilaha Illa Allah (1) (5 lessons)
SESSION 22 The Meaning of La Ilaha Illa Allah (2) (7 lessons)
SESSION 23 The Meaning of Muhammad Rasul Allah (1)
SESSION 24 The Meaning of Muhammad Rasul Allah (2) + Author’s Conclusion

What You Will Learn:

  • Develop the skill of reading the mutunshuruh, and hawashi of the Muslim scholarly tradition
  • Deepen your understanding of traditional Islamic theology (both Ash‘ari and Maturidi)
  • Distinguish between those parts of traditional Islamic theology that are “pure theology” and those that are “theology in light of pre-modern science”
  • Learn how to update traditional Islamic theology in light of modern scientific discoveries

About the Course Text

This course is a traditional word-by-word exposition of one of the most popular Azhari manuals in Islamic theology, Shaykh Ibrahim al-Bajuri’s (d. 1276 A.H. / 1860 C.E.) Hashiya on the Umm al-Barahin of Muhammad b. Yusuf al-Sanusi. Shaykh al-Bajuri was a prolific scholar, authoring commentaries and glosses in many different Islamic disciplines, including theology, logic, hadith, Sacred Law, estate division, Arabic morphology, Arabic grammar, and Arabic literature. His works have been highly regarded by generations of teachers and students for their precision, comprehensiveness, and depth of scholarship. He studied and taught at al-Azhar, becoming its foremost scholar and rector (Shaykh al-Azhar) in 1263 A.H. / 1847 C.E., a position that he retained until his death. His Hashiya on the Umm al-Barahin is one of his most widely studied works.