Mawsili’s Mukhtar: On Worship: Understanding Purification, Prayer, Fasting, Zakat, and Hajj [Elective]

Introduction

Gain a deeper understanding of worship according to the Hanafi school of jurisprudence.

Course Outline 

Lesson 1 (Introduction to the Course and Purification)

  • Lesson 1a – Introduction to Book and Author
  • Lesson 1b – Author’s Introduction
  • Lesson 1c – Introduction to Purification & Wudu
  • Lesson 1d – Sunnas of Wudu
  • Lesson 1e – Nullifiers of Wudu

Lesson 2 (A Look at Water, Wells & Tayammum)

  • Lesson 2a – Introduction to Water
  • Lesson 2b – The Rulings on Well Water
  • Lesson 2b – The Rulings on Well Water

Lesson 3 (The Ruling on Khuffs and an Introduction to Hayd)

  • Lesson 3a – The Ruling on Khuffs
  • Lesson 3b – Introduction to Hayd
  • Lesson 3c – Continuation on Hayd

Lesson 4 (Continuation on Istihada, Nifas and the Definition of Najasa)

  • Lesson 4a – Istihada
  • Lesson 4b – Purification from Filth (Part 1)
  • Lesson 4c – Purification from Filth (Part 2)

Lesson 5 (Review Session)

  • Lesson 5a – Review of Purification
  • Lesson 5b – Recommendations
  • Lesson 5c – The Etiquette of Seekers

Lesson 6 (Introduction to Prayer)

  • Lesson 6a – Introduction to the Prayer
  • Lesson 6b – Prayer Times
  • Lesson 6c – The Disliked Times for Prayer
  • Lesson 6d – The Adhan for Prayer

Lesson 7 (The Conditions & Integrals of the Prayer)

  • Lesson 7a – The Conditions of Prayer (Part 1)
  • Lesson 7b – The Conditions of Prayer (Part 2)
  • Lesson 7c – The Integrals of the Prayer

Lesson 8 (The Description of the Prayer)

  • Lesson 8a – Description of the Prayer (Part 1)
  • Lesson 8b – Description of the Prayer (Part 2)
  • Lesson 8c – The Witr Prayer

Lesson 9 (Congregating for Prayer)

  • Lesson 9a – On Prayer Recitation
  • Lesson 9b – Congregation for Prayer (Part 1)
  • Lesson 9c – Congregation for Prayer (Part 2)

Lesson 10 (Actions to Avoid in Prayer & Supererogatory Prayers)

  • Lesson 10a – Disliked Actions in Prayer
  • Lesson 10b – Actions Which Invalidate the Prayer
  • Lesson 10c – Missed Prayers
  • Lesson 10d – Sunna & Nafl Prayers

Lesson 11 (Forgetfulness in Prayer and the Tarawih Prayer)

  • Lesson 11a – The Tarawih Prayer
  • Lesson 11b – The Forgetfulness Prostration
  • Lesson 11c – Forgetting in Prayer

Lesson 12 (Prayer of the Sick, the Traveller, & the Prostration for Recital)

  • Lesson 12a – Prostration for Recital
  • Lesson 12b – Prayer of the Sick
  • Lesson 12c – Prayer of the Traveller

Lesson 13 (The Friday Prayer & the Eid Prayer)

  • Lesson 13a – The Friday Prayer
  • Lesson 13b – The Eid Prayer

Lesson 14 (The Fear Prayer and Prayer at the Kaaba)

  • Lesson 14a – The Fear Prayer
  • Lesson 14b – Prayer at the Kaaba

Lesson 15 (Regarding the Funeral Prayer and Burial Practices)

  • Lesson 15a – Funerary Practices
  • Lesson 15b – The Funeral Prayer
  • Lesson 15c – The Burial

Lesson 16 (Introduction to Zakat)

  • Lesson 16 – Introduction to Zakat

Lesson 17 (The Rulings on Mining)

  • Lesson 17a – Gold & Produce
  • Lesson 17b – Mining & Treasures

Lesson 18 On Giving Zakat

  • Lesson 18a – Outlets for Zakat
  • Lesson 18b – Zakat al-Fitr

Lesson 19 Introduction to Fasting

  • Lesson 19a – Introduction to Fasting
  • Lesson 19b – Moonsighting

Lesson 20 Invalidating One’s Fast & Excuses for not Fasting; A Brief Look at I`tikaf

  • Lesson 20a – Invalidating the Fast
  • Lesson 20b – Excuses for not Fasting
  • Lesson 20c – I`tikaf

Lesson 21 Journey of a Lifetime: Hajj (Part 1)

  • Lesson 21a – The Duty of Hajj
  • Lesson 21b – Entering Ihram
  • Lesson 21c – Entering Mecca

Lesson 22 Journey of a Lifetime: Hajj (Part 2)

  • Lesson 22a – Safa and Marwa
  • Lesson 22b – Obligatory Tawaf
  • Lesson 22c – A Brief Look at Umra

Lesson 23 Journey of a Lifetime: Hajj (Part 3)

  • Lesson 23a – Tamattu
  • Lesson 23b – Qiran
  • Lesson 23c – Contraventions (Principles)

Lesson 24 Journey of a Lifetime: Hajj (Part 4)

  • Lesson 24a – Contraventions (Rulings)
  • Lesson 24b – Hunting Contraventions
  • Lesson 24c – Preventatives from Hajj

What You Will Learn:

  • Water, wells, and dry ablution
  • Menstruation, bleeding, their types and rulings
  • Prayer, its integrals and conditions
  • Prayer in congregation and supererogatory prayer
  • Actions to avoid in prayer, forgetfulness, tarawih
  • The prayer of the sick and the traveller
  • The Friday and Eid prayers, the prayer of fear, and prayer at the Ka’ba
  • The funeral prayer and burial practices
  • Zakat and its rulings
  • Fasting and its rulings
  • The Hajj and its rulings

Course Format: 24  downloadable lessons, a monthly live session.

About the Course Text

This is the first course in the Islamic Law (Hanafi) for Seekers series. The students will gain a necessary and detailed understanding of Islamic Jurisprudence (fiqh) related to the acts of worship, i.e. prayer, zakat, fasting, and the pilgrimage. The course is based on Imam al-Mawsuli’s great primer on Hanafi fiqh, al-Mukhtar, and its commentary, al-Ikhtiyar li-Ta’lil Masa’il al-Mukhtar. This expansive course will cover all the chapters on worship in al-Mukhtar. This intensive course serves to provide a proper understanding of Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) of worship within the Hanafī school based on Imam Mawsuli’s al-Mukhtar. Imam Mawsuli’s influential book is one of the four relied upon primers of the Hanafi school of law, which summarize the original positions of the founder of the school: Imam Abu Hanifa, may Allah have mercy on him, and the transmitted position of the madhhab. This course is intended for seekers of knowledge and is an excellent preparation for the study of more advanced texts in jurisprudence such as Imam al-Marghiyani’s al-Hidaya. An English translation of al-Mukhtar will be provided, along with the full Arabic text of Imam Mawsuli’s own commentary: al-Ikhtiyar li-Ta’lil Masa’il al-Mukhtar. Imam Mawsuli’s commentary focuses on the differences of opinion within the Hanafi School and the legal discussion between Imam Abu Hanifa and his two students. The English lessons are based on al-Ikhtiyar and other leading Hanafi works. Imam Abdullah bin Mahmud bin Mawdud al-Mawsuli al-Hanafi (599-683AH) was born in Mosul in Northern Iraq and studied Hanafi fiqh — among others — with Imam al-Hasidi in Damascus. He was known as the most distinguished Hanafi scholar of his age. He was a judge (qadi) in Kufa and later taught at the mosque of Imam Abu Hanifa in Baghdad, where he is also buried.

 

Beliefs: Ghazali’s Qawa’id al-Aqa’id – Understanding Beliefs, Proofs, and the Spiritual Cultivation of Faith [Elective]

Introduction

Study Imam Ghazali’s Qawa‘id al-Aqa’id (Foundations of Islamic Belief).

What You Will Learn:

  •  The key principles and statements of Islamic Belief
  • The relation between scholarly study and spiritual realization
  • The importance of theology and its limitations
  • The role of theology in the religious life
  • Islamic beliefs and the core proofs
  • The strongest arguments for mainstream Islamic theology

Course Requirements:

  • Previous study of Islamic beliefs is recommended—such as the SeekersHub online course, Islamic Beliefs for Seekers: Dardir’s Kharida Explained

About the Course Text

This course covers one of the greatest intermediate-level summaries of mainstream Islamic beliefs: Book Two of Imam Ghazali’s Ihya, on the Foundations of Islamic Belief (Qawa‘id al-Aqa’id), in full. In Foundations of Islamic Belief, Imam Ghazali begins in Part One with a brief statement of Islamic beliefs. Many scholars considered this summary one of the greatest summaries of the key principles of Islamic belief ever written. In Part Two, Imam Ghazali explains how one learns and inculcates sound beliefs—and how faith is nurtured in the heart. He discusses a number of sensitive issues, including the relationship between the study of faith and the means of being spiritually-realized in the fruits of faith. He clarifies both the importance of the study of the science of theology, but also its limitations: its role, he argues, is to clarify, support, and defend sound beliefs; but faith itself is truly nurtured not through mere study but through the acts of turning to Allah in worship, devotion, remembrance, reflection, and acting on the guidance of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him). In Part Three, Imam Ghazali covers an explanation of the Islamic belief covered in Part One. This serves as a commentary on Part One, and many central principles and key issues of Islamic beliefs are detailed and clarified. In Part Four, Imam Ghazali explains core proofs for the beliefs that have been presented in the Foundations of Islamic beliefs. He avoids getting into detailed debates, but presents what he considers the cleared, strongest, and most convincing arguments for sound, mainstream Islamic theology. The text is explained in English, but the full Arabic of Imam Ghazali’s work is read.

 

On Worship: Shurunbulali’s Nur al-Idah – In-Depth Study of Purification, Prayer, and Fasting [Elective]

Introduction

Allah Most High says, “I have not created jinn-kind nor mankind for any purpose other than to worship Me.” (Qur’an, 51:56) Take this course to increase your knowledge of the questions that worshippers face in their purity, prayer, and fasting, all in light of a comprehensive textbook of Hanafi law that students have used for centuries. This is the first of three parts. This part focuses on the detailed rules of purification (tahara), discussing issues of both ritual and physical purity.

Curricular Context

  • This is a Level Two elective course.
  • Before taking this course, take The Absolute Essentials of Islam (Hanafi) and/or the Essentials of Worship courses

Course Outline

Lesson 1: Introduction the Hanafi school and the text

Lesson 2: Author’s Opening & Types of Water

Lesson 3: Exercising One’s Judgement, Wells, and Cleaning the Private Parts of Filth (Istinja’)

Lesson 4: Integrals of Wudu and Opening Sunnas

Lesson 5:  Remaining Sunnas, Disliked Actions, and Legal categories of Wudu

Lesson 6: Nullifiers of Wudu

Lesson 7: The Major Ablution (Ghusl)

Lesson 8: Dry Ablution (Tayammum)

Lesson 9: Wiping Footgear and Casts; Basics of Menstruation

Lesson 10: Menstruation, Chronic Excuses, and Physical Impurity

Lesson 11: The Basis and Categories of Filth

Lesson 12:  Filth and Its Removal

Lesson 13: Introduction to Prayer and Its Times

Lesson 14: Disliked Times and the Adhan

Lesson 15: Obligations of the Prayer (1)

Lesson 16: Obligations of Prayer (2)

Lesson 17: Necessary Elements of the Prayer and Opening Sunnas

Lesson 18: Sunnas, Adab, and Description of Standing

Lesson 19: Completion of the Prayer and Conditions of Congregation

Lesson 20: Congregational Prayer

Lesson 21: Invocations after Prayer and Invalidators

Lesson 22: Additional Invalidators and Introduction to Disliked Acts

Lesson 23: Disliked Acts (1)

Lesson 24: Disliked Acts (2) and Breaking the Prayer

Lesson 25: Witr and Sunna Prayers

Lesson 26: Voluntary Prayers and Praying on Modes of Transport

Lesson 27:  Prayers in Exceptional Situations, Tarawih, and the Traveller

Lesson 28: Prayer of the Sick Person, Expiation, and Make-ups

Lesson 29: Catching the Congregation | The Forgetfulness Prostration

Lesson 30: Prostration of Recital and the Friday Prayer

Lesson 31: Sunnas of Friday; Eid and Eclipse Prayers

Lesson 32: Prayers for Rain, Fear, and Funerals

Lesson 33: Details on the Funeral Prayer, Carrying the Body, and Burial

Lesson 34: Visiting Graves, Martyrs, and Fasting

Lesson 35: Intention, Moon Sighting and Invalidators of the Fast

Lesson 36: Completion of Fasting and the Devotional Retreat

What You Will Learn:

  • Understand slavehood to Allah Most High and why it is important
  • Learn the rules of purification that are generally encountered
  • Memorize the detailed rules of wudu and ghusl, tayammum, removing filth, and the basic rulings of menstruation.
  • Learn the rules of prayer that are generally encountered
  • Memorize the obligatory, necessary, and sunna  elements of prayer at a higher level of detail
  • Learn the conditions, sunnas, and rulings of congregational prayer
  • Memorize a list of nearly twelve dozen invalidating or disliked actions in the prayer.
  • Appreciate the rigor of the science of Sacred Law (fiqh)
  • Learn the details of prayer and fasting that are generally encountered
  • Learn the rulings of witr and the sunna prayers
  • Learn the rulings related to prayer when travelling or sick
  • Learn the rulings related to the prostration of forgetfulness and the prostration of recital
  • Memorize the conditions for the validity and obligation of the Friday, Eid prayers, as well as the conditions for the khutba.
  • Learn the nullifiers of the fast and their practical consequences
  • Learn about the rulings related to vows and devotional retreat
  • Gain a grounding in the method and application of the Hanafi school

About the Course Text

This course is an explanation of Nur al-Idah (Light of Clarity), a detailed introduction to the rules of purity, prayer, and fasting authored by a leading authority of the Hanafi school, Abu’l-Ikhlas Hasan al-Shurunbulali (d. 1069 AH/ 1659 CE ). This text covers nearly every issue that arises in the course of these three acts of worship in a clear and comprehensive manner. It is for this reason that Nur al-Idah, along with its commentary Maraqi al-Falah, forms an essential part of nearly every traditional syllabus in Hanafi jurisprudence.

 

Mawsili’s Mukhtar: On Transcations, Marriage, and Public Law [Elective]

Introduction

Gain an in-depth understanding of commercial transactions and  Personal Law according to the Hanafi school of jurisprudence.

The students will gain a necessary and detailed understanding of Islamic Jurisprudence (fiqh) related to the personal law (i.e. marriage, divorce, and related matters) and commercial transactions, including sales, leasing, or hire. The course is based on Imam al-Mawsuli’s great primer on Hanafi fiqh, al-Mukhtar, and its commentary, al-Ikhtiyar li-Ta’lil Masa’il al-Mukhtar. This expansive course will cover all the chapters on personal law and commercial transactions in al-Mukhtar. [Below fold] This course serves to provide a proper understanding of Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) of personal law and commercial transactions.

What You Will Learn:

  • Sales, recession, contracts, and rulings
  • Interdicted, trust, and forward sales
  • Interest rulings and monetary exchange
  • The corrupt hire, collateral, division, and judgeship
  • Coercion, claims and acknowledgments
  • Witnessing, agency, and guarantees
  • Marriage: Its rulings, pillars, and conditions
  • The contract, the guardian, suitability, and the dowry
  • Marriage to non-Muslims
  • The types of divorce and their rulings
  • The waiting period after divorce and establishing lineage
  • Expenses/provision and custody

Course Requirements:

  • Knowledge of Arabic would help but is not required. Previous study of fiqh is highly recommended but again not a requirement.

About the Course Text

This course is based upon Imam Mawsuli’s al-Mukhtar. Imam Mawsuli’s influential book is one of the four relied upon primers of the Hanafi school of law, which summarizes the original positions of the founder of the school: Imam Abu Hanifa, may Allah have mercy on him, and the transmitted position of the madhhab. This course is intended for seekers of knowledge and is excellent preparation for the study of more advanced texts in jurisprudence such as Imam al-Marghiyani’s al-Hidaya. An English translation of al-Mukhtar will be provided, along with the full Arabic text of Imam Mawsuli’s own commentary: al-Ikhtiyar li-Ta’lil Masa’il al-Mukhtar. This commentary explains the legal reasoning underlying the issues and rulings in al-Mukhtar. Imam Mawsuli’s commentary focuses on the differences of opinion within the Hanafi School and the legal discussion between Imam Abu Hanifa and his two students. Imam Abdullah bin Mahmud bin Mawdud al-Mawsuli al-Hanafi (599-683 AH) was born in Mousul in Northern Iraq and studied Hanafi fiqh — among others — with Imam al-Hasidi in Damascus. He was known as the most distinguished Hanafi scholar of his age. He was a judge (qadi) in Kufa and later taught at the mosque of Imam Abu Hanifa in Baghdad, where he is also buried.