This is the first of an eight-part traditional word-by-word explanation of a sharh (interlineal commentary) on the post popular primer in Shafi‘i law, Matn Abi Shuja‘. Hamza Karamali carefully works through the chapter of purification,
the prayer, Rules of Zakat, Fasting and Hajj. relating the rulings to contemporary situations and explaining the hadith evidence and wisdom behind them. This is a course for experienced students of knowledge who have studied the Islamic sciences for many years

Curricular Context

  • This is a level three course
  • Complete all four parts of Introduction to Sacred Law (Shafi‘i) before taking this course
  • Reading fluency in Arabic is a prerequisite for taking this course

Course Outline

SESSION 1 Introduction

Ibn Qasim al-Ghazzi’s Introduction

Commentary on the Basmala and Hamdala

Commentary on Abu Shuja’s Introduction

SESSION 2 Purification and Water

The Meanings of “Kitab” and “Tahara”

Purifying Water

Pure and Impure Water

SESSION 3 Animal Hides, Gold and Silver Containers, and the Toothstick

Tanning Animal Hides

Permissible and Impermissible Containers

Using the Toothstick

SESSION 4  Integrals of Wudu

Integrals of Wudu: Intention and Washing the Face

Integrals of Wudu: Remaining Integrals Using the Toothstick 

SESSION 5 Sunnas of Wudu

Sunnas of Wudu Part 1

Sunnas of Wudu Part 2

SESSION 6 Cleaning Oneself After Using the Bathroom

Cleaning Oneself After Using the Bathroom (istinja)

Adab of Using the Bathroom

SESSION 7 Invalidators of Wudu and Ghusl

Invalidators of Wudu

Invalidators of Ghusl

SESSION 8 Ghusl and Wiping Over Khuffs

Integrals of Ghusl

Sunnas of Ghusl

Sunna Ghusls

Wiping Over Khuffs: Ruling  and Conditions

SESSION 9 Wiping over Khuffs and Tayammum

Wiping Over Khuffs: Period of Wiping

Wiping Over Khuffs: How to Wipe and Invalidators of Wiping

Wiping Over Khuffs: How to

Wipe and Invalidators of Wiping

SESSION 10 Tayammum and Najasa

Integrals and Sunnas of Tayammum

Invalidators of Tayammum

Casts and Bandages

Definition of Najasa

SESSION10.4 Resource:
Shaykh Nuh Ali Salman’s Fatwa on Narcotics:

SESSION 11 Najasa

Kinds of Najasa: Digested Material

Najasa `Ayniyya and Najasa Hukmiyya

Minor, Regular, and Major Najasa

Najasa that is Excused

Overview of Kinds of Najasa

Water that Runs Off While Washing Najasa (ghusala)

Wine Turning Into Vinegar

SESSION 12 Menstruation


Things Unlawful in Ritual Impurity

SESSION 13 Prayer Times
SESSION 14 Conditions for the Obligation of Prayer

Sunna Prayers

SESSION 15 Conditions for the Validity of Prayer
SESSION 16 Integrals — Intention, Standing, Takbir

Integrals — Fatiha

Integrals — Ruku and Sujud

Integrals — Sitting, Salam, Order

SESSION 17 Major Sunnas Before and During the Prayer

Regular Sunnas

Difference Between Men’s and Women’s Prayer

SESSION 18 Invalidators of the Prayer

Number of Rak‘as, Integrals, and Sunnas in the Obligatory Prayers

Prostration of Forgetfulness

SESSION 19 Forbidden Times to Pray

Congregational Prayer

SESSION 20 Joining and Shortening Prayers
SESSION 21 Friday Prayer
SESSION 22 Eclipse Prayer

Drought Prayer

SESSION 23 Prayer of Peril


SESSION 24 Washing and Shrouding the Deceased

Funeral Prayer 

Burial and Condolences

SESSION 25 Kinds of Zakatable Wealth

Conditions of Zakat On Livestock

SESSION 26 Conditions of Other Kinds of Zakat


Cattle and Sheep

SESSION 27 Paying Zakat Jointly

Zakat on Money

Zakat on Crops

SESSION 28 Zakat on Trade Goods, Mines, and Treasure

Zakat al-Fitr

SESSION 29 Zakat Recipients
SESSION 30 Integrals of Fasting

Matters That Invalidate the Fast

Sunna Matters While Fasting

SESSION 31 Unlawful Days to Fast

Major Expiation


SESSION 32 Itikaf 
SESSION 33 Conditions For Obligation of Hajj

Integrals of Hajj and Umra

SESSION 34 Wajibat of Hajj and Umra

Sunnas of Hajj and Umra

SESSION 35 Matters Unlawful in Pilgrim Sanctity
SESSION 36 Kinds of Hajj Expiations


What You Will Learn

  • Develop the skill of reading the mutunshuruh, and hawashi of the Muslim scholarly tradition
  • Deepen your understanding of traditional sacred law according to the Shafi‘i school
  • Learn the detailed rulings of water, tanning, containers, wudu, using the bathroom, ghusl, wiping over khuffs, tayammum, wudu with bandages and casts, najasa, and menstruation
  • The rules, conditions, integrals, invalidators of the prayer, along with many other types of prayer
  • The rules, conditions, integrals, invalidators of the zakat, fasting and Hajj.
  • Learn how to apply traditional sacred law to modern situations

About the Course Text

Matn Abi Shuja‘ is the most popular primer for students of the Shafi‘i school. Its importance can be measured by the dozens of commentaries and glosses that have been written on it over the centuries since it was written. This course is a contemporary explanation of its most commonly-studied commentary, Fath al-Qarib al-Mujib by Shaykh Muhammad b. Qasim al-Ghazzi (d. 918 AH / 1512 CE). Shaykh Muhammad b. Qasim al-Ghazzi was a late scholar of the Shafi‘i school who lived and taught in Egypt. His teachers included the great Shaykh al-Islam Zakariyya al-Ansari, who was the teacher the major authorities of the Shafi‘i school. Fath al-Qarib (or Sharh Ibn Qasim, as it is popularly known) is an integral part of Shafi‘i curricula worldwide. It is particularly important because it was the subject of a hashiya (gloss) by the rector of al-Azhar in his time, Shaykh Ibrahim al-Bajuri (1276 AH / 1860 CE), may Allah Most High have mercy on him, which is one of the most important books in the Shafi‘i school.