Introduction

Mere facts don’t win arguments. What does, is the ability to effectively convey what you wish to say in the most beautiful and persuasive manner. This is where Rhetoric comes in.

Rhetoric, or Balagha, in Arabic, is the science of expressing something in the most effective way given the context. Many of these rules are shared amongst languages in general. Balagha, however, is the key to ‘tasting’ the inimitable beauty of the Qur’an.

Course Outline

Lesson One

01 Introduction to Rhetoric
02 Intro – Fasaha
03 Intro – Balagha

Lesson Two

01 Intro – Styles of speech
02 Intro – Arkan al-Tashbih
03 – Aqsam al-Tashbih

Lesson Three

01- Tashbih al-Tamthil
02- al-Tashbih al-Dimni
03 – aghrad al-Tashbih
04 – al-tashbih al-maqlub

Lesson Four

01 – balaghatu al-tashbi
02 – al-Haqiqa and al-Majaz
03 – al-Majaz al-Lughawi
04 – al isti’ara 

Lesson Five

01 –  al isti’ara- asliyya wa taba’iyya
02 – al isti’ara- murash-shaha mujarrada and mutlaqa
03  al isti’ara al tamthiliyya
04 –  balagha al isti’ara 

Lesson Six

01- al majaz al mursal
02 – al majaz al ‘aqli
03 – balaghatu al majaz al mursal wa al ‘aqli
04 – al kinaya

Lesson Seven

01 – balaghat al kinaya
02 – athar ‘ilm al bayan
03 – al khabar wa al insha’

Lesson Eight

01 – al gharad min ilqa’ al khabar
02 – adrab al khabar
03 – khuruj al khabar ‘an muqtada al zahir
04 – al insha’ al talabi wa ghayr al talabi

Lesson Nine

01 – al amr
02 – al nahi
03 – hamza and hal
04 –  baqiyyatu adawat al istifham

Lesson Ten

01 – al ma’ani al mustafada min al istifham
02 –  al tamanni
03 – al nida
04 – al Qasr
05 – al fasl wa al wasl

Lesson Eleven

01 -mawadi’  al wasl
02 – al musawa
03 – al ijaz
04 – al itnab
05 – athar ilm al ma’ani 1

Lesson Twelve

01 – athar ilm al ma’ani 2
02 – ilm al badi’ – jinas
03 – iqtibas wa saja’
04 – muqabala wa husn al ta’lil
05 tawriya wa tibaq
06 – Husn al ta’lil wa Ta’kid al madh wa Uslub al Hakim

What You Will Learn:

  • How the science of Balagha developed.
  • What ‘fasaha’ is.
  • What ‘balagha’ is.
  • The different styles of expression in Arabic.
  • The sub-sciences of al Ma’ani, al Bayan, and al Badi’; their main discussions, and the effects of each on the rhetorical impact of speech and writing.

About the Course Text

al Balagha al Wadiha is modern text which combines the two classical approaches of works of this science: precise definitions and analysis, with copious practical examples of the concepts it covers.

The text was authored by Ali al Jarim and Mustafa Amin.